ADAMTS5 Is a Critical Regulator of Virus-Specific T Cell Immunity

andrew-b-and-john-s

Andrew B. and John S.

Authors: Meagan McMahon, Siying Ye, Leonard Izzard, Daniel Dlugolenski, Ralph A. Tripp, Andrew G. D. Bean, Daniel R. McCulloch, John Stambas

Source: PLoS Biology 14(11), November 17, 2016

Brief summary of the paper: The extracellular matrix (ECM) provides physical scaffolding for cellular constituents and initiates biochemical and biomechanical cues that are required for physiological activity of living tissues.

The ECM enzyme ADAMTS5, a member of the ADAMTS (A Disintegrin-like and Metalloproteinase with Thrombospondin-1 motifs) protein family, cleaves large proteoglycans such as aggrecan, leading to the destruction of cartilage and osteoarthritis. However, its contribution to viral pathogenesis and immunity is currently undefined.

Here, we use a combination of in vitro and in vivo models to show that ADAMTS5 enzymatic activity plays a key role in the development of influenza-specific immunity. Influenza virus infection of Adamts5-/- mice resulted in delayed virus clearance, compromised T cell migration and immunity and accumulation of versican, an ADAMTS5 proteoglycan substrate.

Our research emphasises the importance of ADAMTS5 expression in the control of influenza virus infection and highlights the potential for development of ADAMTS5-based therapeutic strategies to reduce morbidity and mortality.